Giant Panda Blog

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Giant Pandas Blood Draws and Physical Examinations

An important part of the daily work of the base veterinarians is to examine the pandas’ blood, and then make adjustments to their regimen and provide treatment to ensure the pandas are healthy.

We can get to know the physical condition of the panda and the functional status of their heart, liver and kidney through the examination of their blood.

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Panda Bao Bao’s First Snow Day!

Cute baby panda Bao Bao plays in the snow for the first time.
Fat but cute, probably only giant pandas to accept such praise! Washington National Zoo giant panda released a video baby panda baobao playing in the snow.

Born in Washington, DC National Zoo, baby panda “bao bao” in 2015 ushered in the first snow, yes, she is called “baby”, 16 months. Up the hill, enjoy tumbling, but also, and her mother “Mei Xiang” spoiled slapstick, Washington e[……]

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Panda in history

Chinese discovered giant panda much earlier than the western world. The famous literatures Shangshu and Shijing published about 3,000 years ago in the Western Zhou dynasty named giant panda as “Pi”. Another geographical literature Shanhaijing published 2,500 years ago also read – “The black and white creature that looks like a bear is called a ‘Mo’”. In Western Jin Dynasty (1,700 years ago), giant panda was called “Zou Yu”. As they eat only bambo[……]

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The first giant panda discovered by the western world

In1869, French missionary Armand Pere David obtained a specimen of giant panda from Sichuan. Considering that pandas look like bears, he named it as Ursus melanoleucus A.David (Black-and-white Bear). Later, research has been conducted on the teeth and bones of giant pandas, and found that their characteristics are more like those of lesser pandas. So the creature is renamed as Aliuropoda melanoleuca David.

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Giant Panda’s Food

About 99% of giant panda’s food is bamboo. Bamboo is of low nutritional value and giant pandas can only assimilate 17% of its nutrients. Therefore it takes giant pandas 10 to 12 hours each day eating 15 to 20 kg of bamboo (equivalent to the weight of about 115 apples) in order to intake sufficient calories for their daily activities. Giant pandas may occasionally eat small animals or animal carcasses in the wild.  Giant pandas kept in zoos consum[……]

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Panda Appearance and Characteristics

An adult giant panda is normally 150 cm in length and weighs 80-150kg. Their body colour is a sharp combination of black and white. Black hairs usually grow around its eyes, ears, nose, chest, hands and feet, while the body and tail are in white. The black hairs surrounding its eyes make them look bigger so as to scare away other animals. The black and white skin colour helps giant pandas identify each other and would perform an avoidance functio[……]

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The Bamboo Forest

Giant pandas like to live alone and stay away from the others. A male giant panda has a home range of approximately 6~7 km2. A female giant panda has a home range of around 4~5 km2, but most of its activities occur within an exclusive home range core of 0.3 km2. Old hollow trees within the home range core provide a safe place for giving births. Female giant pandas have only a few days of oestrus every year when male giant pandas are allowed to en[……]

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Giant panda’s Habitat

Nowadays, giant panda’s habitats are found in quiet and peaceful places close to water sources with abundance of bamboo supply. The dense mountainous forests not only provide giant pandas with a shelter against their enemies but also a breeding ground. Giant pandas love cool weather and hate hot season as their body is covered with thick and coarse hair. Their most favourable temperature is about 8 to 23 degree Celsius.

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Giant Panda Distribution

Currently, Pandas are only found in mountain systems like Min Shan, Qinling Qi, Liang Shan, Daxiang Ling, Xiaoxiang Ling and QiongLai Shan. These mountain systems are located in three Chinese provinces – Sichuan, Shanxi and Gansu respectively. Giant pandas perch mainly at an altitude of 1600 metres to 3600 metres, where mountainous bamboo forests are found within the evergreen mixed coniferous broad leaved forest.

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The origin and evolution of giant panda

Chinese:Da Xiong Mao
English:Giant panda
Scientific Name:Ailuropoda melanoleuca
Class: Mammalia; Order: Carnivora
Conservation Level:Endangered species
Distribution: Sichuan, Gansu, and Shanxi of China

According to fossil records, pandas are found existing as early as 8~9 million years ago. Those are immediate forebears of the giant pandas – Yunnan Lufeng Ailuaractos lufengensis, and their size was only one quarter as big as the giant[……]

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